The nutritional benefits of eating bamboo shoots

A traditional forest vegetable in China for more than 2,500 years, bamboo shoots are not only delicious but are also rich in nutrients, and rank among the five most popular healthcare foods in the world. In Japan, the bamboo shoot is called the King of Forest Vegetables.

The properties of bamboo shoots were recorded in the book of Compendium of Materia Medica, a pharmaceutical text written during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), with the following words: "It’s slightly cold, sweet, non-toxic, and it quenches thirst, benefits the liquid circulatory system, supplements Qi, and can be served as a daily dish."

Modern research finds that the bamboo shoot has a number of medicinal benefits, from cancer prevention and weight loss to improving appetite and digestion. It is also low in sugar and therefore can be used for treating hypertension, hyperlipemia and hyperglycemia.

Japanese scientists recently discovered that bamboo shoots contain anti-cancer agents and making them a regular part of your diet effectively eliminates the free radicals that can produce dangerous carcinogens.

With the economic development and the improvement of people’s living standards, demand for natural foods, especially organic food, has greatly increased. Moso bamboo does not contain toxic substances and its products are made in strict accordance with the food safety standards, so it is an ideal resource for natural foods.

The main nutrients in bamboo shoots are protein, amino acid, fat, sugar and inorganic salt. They are rich in protein, containing between 1.49 and 4.04 grams (average 2.65g) per 100g of fresh bamboo shoots. The bamboo protein produces eight essential and two semi-essential amino acids. Although the fat content is comparatively low (0.26-0.94%), it is still higher than in many other vegetables, and the shoots contain rich essential fatty acids. The total sugar content, 2.5% on average, is lower than that in other vegetables. The water content is 90% or more.

Vegetables (100g) Water (g) Protein (g) Fat (g) Total Sugar (g) Heat (J) Crude Fiber (g) Ash Content (g)
Bamboo shoots* 90.86 2.65 0.49 2.50 10.45 0.58 0.88
Chinese cabbage 93.00 1.30 0.20 3.40 8.78 1.20 1.00
Pakchoi 94.50 1.30 0.30 2.30 7.11 0.60. 1.00
Amaranth 89.00 3.40 0.30 3.70 12.97 1.30 2.30
Spinach 93.40 1.90 0.20 2.00 7.11 1.00 1.40
Celery 94.30 2.20 0.10 1.40 6.27 1.00 1.00
Lettuce 96.40 0.60 0.10 1.90 4.60 0.40 0.60
Garlic sprout 86.40 1.20 0.30 9.70 19.24 1.80 0.60
Onion 88.30 1.80 0.00 8.00 16.31 1.10 0.80
Pumpkin 91.00 0.50 0.10 6.90 12.97 0.80 0.70
Tomato 95.20 0.70 0.30 2.80 7.11 0.40 0.60
White turnip 93.40 0.70 0.10 4.10 8.36 1.00 0.70
Potato 81.60 1.90 0.00 14.00 27.61 0.70 1.20
Average 91.38 1.45 0.16 5.06 11.54 0.94 0.99

Note: the item with * is the average number of 27 bamboo species

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